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Maydan Nezalezhnosti

Maidan Nezalezhnosti
Operation: year round
Location: Maydan Nezalezhnosti, Kyiv
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Maydan Nezalezhnosti or Independence Square is a heart of Kiev, geographically and symbolically. The Orange Revolution events of 2004 have rendered international notoriety to it. Events of 2013 are also unfolding here. Being the main square of Ukraine, it is a place of the country events manifestation, be it either a celebration or a protest.
The square has appeared on this spot in the middle of the 19th century and was named Khreschatyskaya Square after the street of the same name. It was a market square and a ground for folk entertainment. Before then the square was a part of Pechersk fortification dwellings, including the Pechersk Gates. A monument for these gates stands on the square nowadays. Supposedly, in the 11th century there were other gates either on the current square location or in the vicinity. Built in Yaroslav the Wise time, these were the Lyadsky Gates, which Batu Khan Horde has burst through into the city in 1240.
Besides the gates, we should mention a residence of the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko in this area in 1859. Around this time the first fountain has appeared on the square but it was poorly mounted, residents of Kiev did not like it and used it as a drinking bowl for horses.
The square started gaining more importance during the Russian Empire, there have appeared administrative buildings and it has been renamed for Dumskaya Square or Parliamentary Square. After several fountain constructions, which appeared to be unlucky as their predecessor, there have been mounted a fountain that functioned more than 70 years.
In commemoration of Piotr Stolypin, who was assassinated in Kiev in 1911, the monument was put in front of the City Duma and stood till 1918.
The square has changed many names during the Soviet time. After the WWII, when the ruined square bore the name of Mikhail Kalinin, a huge construction started on the main Khreschatyk Street. In the aftermath there were erected most of the buildings forming the current architectural look of the square. In 1971 it was already the October Revolution Square when the old fountain was replaced by a new one – the Fountain of Friendship of People, with 1000 streams. It has survived till the newest reconstruction in 2001 when the square has already been named Maydan Nezalezhnosti. The new name to the square was given upon accession to independence in 1991. The reconstruction of 2001 brought the modern and recognizable appearance to the square. Monument for Lenin was liquidated. Many fountains and new monuments appeared, among which are those to the Independence, the legendary founders of Kiev, Cossack Mamay and Kiev patron St.Michael the Archangel. Various architectural details continue emerging on the main square of the country till nowadays, and it is worthily considered to be the most beautiful highlight of the modern capital. The square is a popular place among Kiev residents and visitors.
 
 
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Good morning Miss Lugina.

Hope every thing is good with you always.
Please for give me for robbing some of your precious time, but I would like to express some of my thoughts of my trip to Ukraine.
First I will like to say that I felt in love with your country, I was treated with respect, and I was impressed by the honesty when I was using the public buses and people forward the money to the collector by asking the next person to pass and so on, and even if change is due, it will be delivered back to the person and nobody will take a penny; I have never seen that in any country I have visited ( about 19 in three continents) Also I never was afraid to be robbed or assaulted in the streets of Kharkov or any other I have visited, as I took a train for almost a 2000 Kms. round trip all the way to Uzhgara, unfortunately, I did not expend much time in Kiev which looks a beautiful city, but I am planning to go back next year.
It was not easy for me since I do not speak Ukranian or Russian, although I can read some words, but thank to my extensive travel experience I was able to figure out situations, now I am determined to learn as much as I can of the languages, so next time it will be much easier.
I am planing to visit the south of Ukraine all the way to the Black Sea cities and landscapes, and I will need of your services again.
If you need my feed back of this trip for your agency you have my authorization to publish it.
Your services where of what it got me there and I will recommend it to any one is interested to go to beautiful Ukraine.
Miss Lugina, have a wonderful week.

Cordially.

Jose Ardon Argentina September 2008

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